Weight-Loss Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension
Published: September 20, 2021
- Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases in the United States and around the world.
- Obesity contributes to much of the risk for primary hypertension through several mechanisms such as neurohormonal activation, inflammation, and kidney dysfunction.
- In this context, effective pharmacotherapeutic and procedural strategies including metabolic surgeries are additional options to treat obesity and prevent or attenuate obesity induced HTN, target organ damage and subsequent disease.
- Commentary: Global Public Health Crises of Obesity and Hypertension: Importance of Prevention and Treatment of Obesity by Alvin Chandra, MD, FACC
- Top Things to Know: Weight-Loss Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension
- AHA News: Weight-loss meds, surgery could fight obesity-related high blood pressure
- News Release: Meds, surgery may help obesity-related high blood pressure if diet, exercise fall short
- 2017 Hypertension Clinical Guidelines
- 2019 Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
- Physical Activity as a Critical Component of First-Line Treatment for Elevated Blood Pressure or Cholesterol: Who, What, and How?
- Management of Stage 1 Hypertension in Adults With a Low 10-Year Risk for Cardiovascular Disease: Filling a Guidance Gap
- Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring at Home
- Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans