Sex Differences in the Cardiovascular Consequences of Diabetes Mellitus

Published: December 07, 2015

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  • The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is similar in men and women in the United States, 11.8% and 10.8%, respectively.
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for >75% of hospitalizations and >50% of deaths in individuals with T2DM.
  • Non-diabetic women have fewer cardiovascular events than non-diabetic men of the same age; however, this advantage appears to be lost in the context of T2DM. Further research is needed to delineate the biological factors and mechanisms that contribute to the sex differences in DM and CVD.