Salt Sensitivity of Blood Pressure

Published: July 21, 2016

salt shaker
  • Salt sensitivity of blood pressure (SSBP) is a physiological trait by which the blood pressure (BP) of some members of the population exhibits changes parallel to changes in salt intake.
  • Factors that may influence the BP response to salt intake include sex, age, adiposity, race-ethnicity, and clinical conditions such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease.
  • This statement reviews the role of SSBP, including its physiology, prognostic significance, measurement, and implications for the management of individual patients and the public.