Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease
Published: April 22, 2021
- Obesity contributes directly to incident cardiovascular risk factors, including dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and sleep disorders.
- More recent data highlight abdominal obesity, as determined by waist circumference, as a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk marker independent of body mass index.. There have also been significant advances in imaging modalities for characterizing body composition, including visceral adiposity.
- This statement summarizes the impact of obesity on the diagnosis, clinical management, and outcomes of atherosclerotic CVD, heart failure, and arrhythmias, especially sudden cardiac death.. Obesity’s influence on non-invasive and invasive diagnostic procedures for coronary artery disease (CAD) is discussed.
- 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans 2nd ed.
- 2017 Hypertension Clinical Guidelines
- 2018 Guideline on the Management of Blood Cholesterol
- Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Effect of Weight Loss
- Cardiovascular and Metabolic Heterogeneity of Obesity
- Association Between Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Depots and Incident Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
- The American Heart Association 2030 Impact Goal