Dual Science Advisories on Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle in Clinical Settings

Published: October 25, 2021

Doctor meeting with a senior patient and her daughter in his office.
  • The two scientific statements provide guidance to healthcare professionals for efficient lifestyle-related behavior change counseling in clinical settings and promoting healthy behaviors in patients to decrease cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.
  • The statements provide pragmatic strategies based on the 5 A Model (i.e., assess, advise, agree, assist, and arrange), that clinicians and other healthcare professionals can use to counsel their patients about lifestyle-related behaviors strongly linked to CVD risk including diet, physical activity, tobacco product use and sleep, and psychological health and well-being.
  • These scientific statements include factors that affect the risk of CVD across the lifespan, such as social determinants of health, unmet social-related health needs, overweight, and obesity. Specific considerations for lifestyle-related behavioral change in childhood, adolescence, older adults, and in pregnancy are outlined, representing life stages where attention to these behaviors can significantly impact CVD risk.

Strategies for Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle in Clinical Settings: Pillars of Ideal Cardiovascular Health

Special Considerations for Healthy Lifestyle Promotion Across the Life Span in Clinical Settings