Cardiac Disease Evaluation and Management Among Kidney and Liver Transplantation Candidates

Published: July 02, 2012

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  • Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for those with end-stage non-cardiac organ failure both before and after transplantation.
  • The unique characteristics of end-organ failure transplant candidates require careful consideration during cardiac evaluation.
  • This paper addresses gaps in existing guidelines for consideration during cardiac disease evaluation in kidney and liver transplant candidates.