Added Sugars and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children

Published: August 22, 2016

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  • Added sugar intake is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in children – including higher energy intake, higher adiposity and abdominal adiposity, and higher dyslipidemia – at levels far below U.S. children’s current added sugars consumption levels.
  • Foods and beverages each contribute approximately half of the added sugars in children’s diets, 40g and 38g, respectively. The top contributors to added sugars intake include soda, fruit-flavored and sports drinks, and cakes and cookies.
  • Children and adolescents should limit calories from added sugars to ≤25 grams (100 calories or ~6 tsp) per day and should limit their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages to ≤ one 8 ounce beverage per week. Added sugars should not be in the habitual diet of children under the age of 2 years.