Science News
EPI|LIFESTYLE 2018 Scientific Sessions

Epidemiology and Prevention | Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health

March 20 – 23, 2018 | Sheraton New Orleans | New Orleans, La.

Wednesday, March 21

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Mintu Turakhia, MD, MAS, provides a brief recap of his talk on harnessing digital tools for risk prevention from the opening session of EPI|Lifestyle 2018 in New Orleans.
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Angela Odoms-Young, PhD reports on what she learned in a pilot study, Doing Me--Sisters Standing Together for a Healthy Mind and Body, that incorporated social determinants of health as part of an individual-level health intervention.
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Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, MD, ScM, interview Paul Whelton, MD, MSc about the role of the 2017 Hypertension Clinical Practice Guidelines in cardiovascular disease risk prevention.

See Also:
2017 Hypertension Clinical Guidelines (new window)(link opens in new window)(link opens in new window)
Video Series: Clinical Strategies for the 2017 Hypertension Guidelines (new window)(link opens in new window)(link opens in new window)
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Alfredo Morabia, MD, PhD, MPH, MSc reviews the historical origins of the concept of risk and discusses new opportunities for transforming our knowledge of risk factors into disease prevention.

Circulating Levels of Natural Killer Cells and Monocyte Subsets Are Associated With Higher Systolic Blood Pressure: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
Margaret F. Doyle | University of Vermont, Colchester, VT

  • RESULTS: Circulating levels of natural killer cells and monocyte subsets were associated with higher systolic blood pressure over 10 years.
  • Doyle's Abstract

Retinal Signs Are Associated With Increased 20-Year Dementia Risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
Jennifer A. Deal | Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

  • RESULTS: Retinal photography finds small vascular changes associated with increased 20-year dementia risk.
  • Deal's Abstract

Critical Periods in Cardiovascular Health Across the Life Course: A Pooled Cohort Analysis
Norrina B Allen | Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

  • RESULTS: Critical periods for the decline of clinical cardiovascular health (CVH) suggest points for prevention interventions.
  • Allen's Abstract

Friends Make Children Less Sedentary but Neighborhoods Make Them More Active
Tracie Barnett | INRS-Ctr Armand-Frappier/CR du CHU Saiinte-Justine, Laval/Montreal, QC, Canada

  • RESULTS: Different drivers identified for physical inactivity and sedentary behavior.
  • Barnett's Abstract

Comparative Effectiveness of Direct Oral Anticoagulants and Warfarin on Risk of Bleeding Resulting in Hospitalization Among Venous Thromboembolism Patients
Pamela L Lutsey | University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

  • RESULTS: The risk for bleeding varied by the direct oral anticoagulant (D) AC used.
  • Lutsey's Abstract

Diet Quality and Lifetime Risk of Total Cardiovascular Disease in US Adults
Victor W. Zhong | Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

  • RESULTS: There was a stronger association of better diet quality and lower lifetime cardiovascular disease risk for younger US adults than middle-aged and older adults.
  • Zhong's Abstract

Associations of Monounsaturated Fatty Acids From Plant and Animal Sources With Total and Cardiovascular Mortality Risk
Marta Guasch | Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA

  • RESULTS: Dietary monounsaturated fatty acid from plants (MUFA-P) vs. from animals (MUFA-A) was associated with lower total mortality.
  • Guasch's Abstract

Other studies covered on Tuesday & Wednesday

Thursday, March 22

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Jean-Pierre Després, PhD, FAHA, Elizabeth Selvin, PhD, MPH, and Alvaro Alonso, MD, PhD, were all part of a Thursday session presenting several studies "Hot Off The Press." See the studies linked here (PDF)
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Martha Daviglus, MD, PhD interviews the 2018 Stamler Award winner Marissa B. Reitsma about her paper, "Tracking Lifestyle Behaviors, Healthcare Access, and Healthcare Quality of Cardiometabolic Diseases at the State-Level from 1990-2016."

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Elevated Biomarkers of Chronic Myocardial Injury May Identify African Americans With a Very High Risk for Heart Failure Development: Findings From The Jackson Heart Study
Ambarish Pandey | UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX

  • RESULTS: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and elevated high sensitive cardiac troponin (hs-TnI) identified African Americans (AA) with a very high absolute risk for heart failure.
  • Pandey's Abstract

Life-course Cardiovascular Risk Mobility in the International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort (i3C) Consortium
Benjamin D Pollock, Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas, TX

  • RESULTS: Children in the developed world move easily across the CV risk spectrum over a lifetime. Higher risk earlier in life lowers ability to catch up.
  • Pollock's Abstract

Natural History of Obesity Subphenotypes: Dynamic Changes Over Two Decades and Prognosis in the Framingham Heart Study
Justin B Echouffo Tcheugui | Brigham and Womens Hospital, Boston, MA

Socioeconomic Trajectories Across the Life Course and Risk of All-cause and Cardiovascular Mortality: Prospective Findings From the Moli-sani Study
Marialaura Bonaccio | IRCCS NEUROMED, Pozzilli, Italy

  • RESULTS: Education and material factors over a lifetime can impact survival differently for low vs. advantaged children.
  • Bonaccio's Abstract
Stamler Award Finalists

Associations of Smoke-Free Policies With Blood Pressure Changes in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
Stephanie Mayne | Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

  • RESULTS: An association between systolic and diastolic blood pressure reductions in non-smokers and smoke-free policies was documented in this study.
  • Mayne's Abstract

WINNER Tracking Lifestyle Behaviors, Healthcare Access, and Healthcare Quality for Cardiometabolic Diseases at the State-Level From 1990-2016
Marissa B Reitsma | Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA

Prevalence and Predictors of Cholesterol Screening, Awareness, and Statin Treatment Among Individuals With Familial Hypercholesterolemia in the U.S. (1999-2014)
Emily M Bucholz, Boston Childrens Hospital, Boston, MA

  • RESULTS: Cholesterol screening and awareness rates were high, but just about half of patients with FH were on statins; even less on recommended doses, in particular young and underinsured patients.
  • Bucholz's Abstract

Derivation and Validation of a Novel Risk Equation for 10-year Risk of Incident Heart Failure in the General US Population
Sadiya S Khan, Northwestern University, Oak Park, IL

  • RESULTS: A prediction model for HF risk shows promise as a tool for the primary care setting to identify 10-year HF risk using clinical measures.
  • Khan's Abstract

Cost-effectiveness of Financial Incentives for Improving Diet Through Medicare and Medicaid
Yujin Lee | Tufts University, Boston, MA

  • RESULTS: Dietary financial incentives were cost-effective.
  • Lee's Abstract


Other studies covered on Thursday


Friday, March 23

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EPI|Lifestyle 2018 Program Chairs Wayne Rosamond, PhD, MS and Deborah Rohm Young, PhD review the highlights of the science presented during the meeting.
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Wayne Rosamond, MD, MS, FAHA, 2018 EPI|Lifestyle chair, interviews Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM, about her 2018 William B. Kannel, MD Memorial Lecture on preventing atrial fibrillation.

30-year Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Adolescents With Severe Obesity: Benefit of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS)
Justin R Ryder, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

  • RESULTS: Bariatric surgery reduced cardiovascular disease risk 5 years after surgery.
  • Ryder's Abstract

Accelerometer-measured Light Physical Activity is Heart Healthy in Older Women: The OPACH Study
Andrea Z LaCroix | University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA

  • RESULTS: In older women, light physical activity (LPA) was associated with less risk for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease.
  • LaCroix's Abstract

Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and Television Viewing Before Pregnancy and Risk of Gestational Diabetes: A Longitudinal Analysis From the CARDIA Study
Kara M Whitaker, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

  • RESULTS: Fitness before pregnancy was found to be inversely associated with the risk for gestational diabetes.
  • Whitaker's Abstract

Adherence to a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Dietary Pattern and Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Bernhard Haring | University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany

  • RESULTS: Adhering to the DASH diet was associated with a lower incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs).
  • Haring's Abstract

Other studies covered Friday