- Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are common in pregnant individuals and are associated with long-term risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Individuals with adverse pregnancy outcomes have an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease risk factors after delivery.
- This scientific statement summarizes the current data on this subject and offers suggestions for interventions at the clinical, health system and community level to mitigate these APOs in the fourth trimester and beyond.
Reducing Cardiovascular Risk After Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
Dr. Jennifer Lewey addresses content from the recently published AHA Scientific Statement on increased cardiovascular risk associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and how to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Dr. Lewey emphasizes preventive therapies and lifestyle changes like breastfeeding, healthy diet, regular physical activity, and effective weight management, to lower the cardiovascular risk in postpartum women. Treatment of hypertension after delivery, blood pressure and glucose regulation, and contraception usage are also discussed. New prospects for promoting cardiovascular health include online and community-based programs, while the need for further research about vascular dysfunction and implementation studies is highlighted.