Recent FIT Insights

  • FIT Insights - The way to your heart is through the gut: Cardiovascular health and the microbiomeNov. 1, 2019 | Dapo Iluyomade, MD


    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the developed world, and the more we learn about how our native inhabitants predispose us to or protect us from, this disease pathology is of paramount importance. A number of studies have proven that gut microbiota interacts with the host through many pathways, including the TMA/TMAO pathway, small chain fatty acids pathway, and primary and secondary bile acid pathways.

  • FIT Insights - Cutting-edge technologies: How they may change our knowledge and practiceOct. 15, 2019 | Abdalla Hassan, MD


    In 2019, most of our practice in cardiovascular medicine is lead by a technology-based approach. If we examined every aspect of cardiology nowadays, we would find that the effectiveness, diagnostic accuracy, and treatments are based on technological advancements. This involves general non-invasive cardiology, interventional cardiology, advanced imaging, electrophysiology and even advanced heart failure and the transplant arena.

  • FIT Insights - Scientific research fundamentals: Eight principles that, if followed, separate science from fictionOct. 1, 2019 | Amr F. Barakat, MD


    According to the National Library of Medicine, the number of indexed citations added to MEDLINE® during the fiscal year 2017 was more than 800,000. As the number of publications increases more and more each year, the adherence to the standards of credible and quality research becomes very inconsistent. The hope is that the fundamentals of “scientific” research are followed throughout the process of study design, execution and manuscript writing.

  • FIT Insights - Cybersecurity in medical devices: What’s required to ensure patient safetySept. 15, 2019 | Christopher Cook, MD


    In May 2017, the WannaCry ransomware cyberattack was unleashed, quickly infecting tens of thousands of computers in more than 100 countries. Infected computers displayed a message that the system’s files had been encrypted and demanded a ransom be paid to unlock them. This cyberattack exposed vulnerabilities in many healthcare systems around the world.

  • FIT Insights - From Tragedy to Triumph: Dr. Ileana Piña’s Path to Becoming a Heart Failure Therapy and Women’s Health PioneerSep. 1, 2019 | Sherrie Khadanga, MD


    Thomas Edison once said, “There is no substitute for hard work.” This mentality is what allowed Dr. Ileana Piña to achieve success and become a prominent physician-scientist in heart failure and cardiovascular disease prevention. As a contributor to more than 200 publications, Dr. Piña has been a key investigator in numerous hallmark clinic trials such as HF-ACTION, which examined the role of exercise and psychosocial factors in patients with heart failure (HF).

  • FIT Insights - The PIONEER-HF trial: An important addition to heart failure armamentariumAug. 15, 2019 | Ujjwal Rastogi, MD


    Out of many late-breaking trials presented at the 2018 American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions in Chicago, the trial that stood out was the PIONEER-HF trial. The trial addressed both the knowledge gap and practice gap that currently exist in managing patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).

  • FIT Insights - Profile of a Global Champion and Advocate of Cardiovascular Health: Dr. Kathryn Taubert Offers Advice for Early Career Professionals and WomenAug. 1, 2019 | Clauden Louis, MD


    Dr. Kathryn A. Taubert is a consummate professional and prominent cardiovascular researcher and leader. She is a national authority on rheumatic heart disease (RHD) having assisted in establishing international guidelines and strategic planning for reducing its global disease burden. She is the current Vice President of International Science and Health Strategies for the American Heart Association residing in Basel Switzerland where she assists in establishing international collaborations with the WHO and the UN.

  • FIT Insights - Non St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction – When Should We Intervene? A Million Dollar QuestionJuly 15, 2019 | Prasanna Sengodan, MD


    Awareness of heart diseases and it’s social and economic burden has increased among the general public in recent times, thanks to advancements in medical therapy and increasing awareness primarily driven by social media. There has been an overall reduction in the incidence of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction as shown by McManus and colleagues who found that the incidence rates of STEMI decreased from 121 per 100,000 to 77 per 100,000, while the incidence rates of NSTEMI has increased from 126 per 100,000 to 132 per 100,000.

  • FIT Insights - A Career and Life Built on Conviction and Commitment: Dr. Jennifer Lawton Shares the Secrets of Her SuccessJuly 1, 2019 | Mahesh Anantha Narayanan, MD


    It’s tough enough to be successful in one or two career roles and still have a happy, fulfilled family life. Dr. Jennifer Lawton is doing what might seem to others as near- impossible: succeeding in three career roles and making things work well at home, too. She has achieved excellence in the competitive field of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery while performing original research and being a world-class educator.

  • FIT Insights - Go to Bed! For Cardiovascular Health, Sufficient Sleep is EssentialJune 15, 2019 | Dipika Gopal, MD


    Before you start reading, check the clock. What time is it? Should you be asleep right now? Think back to the last time you had eight hours of uninterrupted sleep and felt completely rested in the morning when waking up. My bet is not in a long while. In an effort to pack our lives with productive, meaningful experiences, we have forgotten that sleep is a necessary, integral part of maintaining our mental and physical health.

  • FIT Insights - Yoga-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Solution to Close the Global Health GapJune 1, 2019 | Estefania Oliveros, MD


    A simple form of exercise believed to have originated more than 5,000 years ago may hold promise as an alternative to conventional cardiac rehabilitation programs and a way to address the unmet needs of cardiac rehabilitation for patients in low- and middle-income countries. That’s the conclusion of a recent article in Circulation that details findings from the Yoga-CaRe trial presented Nov. 10, 2018 at AHA Scientific Sessions 2018 in Chicago, Ill.

  • FIT Insights - Elaine Urbina: Reflections from Her Career in Preventative CardiologyMay 15, 2019 | Kevin S. Shah, MD


    As the Director of Preventative Cardiology in the Heart Institute at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Dr. Elaine Urbina has seen the frightening truth of what’s happening to our children. In an interview, she shared her thoughts on the problem of childhood obesity and what could help alleviate it – while also offering encouragement and advice for early career professionals.

  • FIT Insights - Sedentary behavior: what we know so far and how this impacts our patients’ healthMay 1, 2019 | Lina Ya’qoub, MD


    With the advancing technology and lifestyle changes over the past few decades, sedentary life has become increasingly prevalent in the US and worldwide. There is accumulating evidence that sedentary life might be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and all-cause mortality.

  • FIT Insights - Stress Coincides With Worse Cardiovascular Health in Black AmericansApril 15, 2019 | Dapo Iluyomade, MD


    Whether you read medical literature or prefer a casual lifestyle magazine, it is widely accepted that psychosocial stress is inversely associated with overall health. In recent years, evidence has emerged that depression and other psychosocial stressors adversely affect cardiovascular health (CVH).

  • FIT Insights - Heart Attacks with Open Arteries: A Problem Disproportionally Affecting Young WomenApril 1, 2019 | Anais Hausvater, MD


    Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a clinical syndrome in which patients present with the signs and symptoms of a heart attack, but, via angiography, are found to have open arteries. MINOCA is thought to represent about 1-14% of all heart attacks and is more common in young female patients and ethnic minorities.