Science News Commentaries

AHA?s Statement on the Safety Profile of Statins: Big Benefit with Low Risk
12/10/2018 | Author: Francoise A. Marvel, MD and Roger S. Blumenthal, MD | Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) continues to be the leading cause of mortality worldwide with approximately 17.7 million deaths annually, the majority of which are preventable.
Genetic Architecture of Congenital Heart Disease: An Update and Future Challenge
09/27/2018 | Author: Maria Grazia Andreassi, MSc, PhD | Congenital heart disease (CHD), with an estimated incidence of 2-3% when bicuspid aortic valve is included, is widely believed to have strong genetic basis.
Cardiovascular Health in Turner Syndrome - No Small Task
09/24/2018 | Author: Vaneeta Bamba, MD | Aortopathy is a significant cause of early morbidity and mortality in women with Turner Syndrome (TS). In the AHA Scientific Statement on Cardiovascular Health in Turner Syndrome published in Circulation: Genomics and Precision Medicine, Silberbach and colleagues compile relevant scientific studies and propose guidelines for cardiovascular management in TS.
Tackling Resistant Hypertension - Opportunities and Challenges
09/13/2018 | Author: Rhian M Touyz MD, PhD | Patients with resistant hypertension are at greater risk of cardiovascular events with worse outcomes compared to patients without resistant hypertension. This is exacerbated when there are associated co-morbidities such as chronic kidney disease and diabetes.
It's Time to Get With The Guidelines: The AHA Scientific Statement in Support of
09/04/2018 | Author: Zachary K. Wegermann, MD and Sunil V. Rao, MD | It?s Time to Get With The Guidelines: The AHA Scientific Statement in Support of Transradial Artery Access for Coronary Angiography and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute Coronary Syndromes | Over the past two decades, transradial artery access (TRA) in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has transformed from a niche concept to an established technique with proven benefits.
Diet Recommendations for Obesity Prevention: Time to Ditch Diversity
08/09/2018 | Author: Sadiya S. Khan, MD MS | Ample evidence supports the role of unhealthy eating patterns and dietary choices with obesity, poor cardiometabolic health, and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. An estimated 318,656 (95% confidence interval [CI] 306,064 to 329,755; 45.4%) of the 702,308 cardiometabolic deaths (coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure
Sedentary Behavior in Young People and Related Complications: An Int'l Challenge
08/06/2018 | Author: Masoud Amiri, PhD, Postdoc | There has been special attention targeted on sedentary behavior in recent years, in both academic and popular press aspects. In addition, technological advances and new factories have resulted in the migration of many people from rural areas to urban areas with much less mobility compared to farming.
Not So Sweet - AHA Review of the Potential Risks and Benefits of Consuming Low-C
07/30/2018 | Author: Christopher Gardner, PhD | In the last decade evidence has strengthened for the adverse health impacts of excessive added sugars intake, particularly in terms of body weight and cardiometabolic health. A consistent alignment of national guidelines has emerged recommending limits on, and reductions of, added sugars, particularly in the context of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs).
Appreciating Cardiovascular Disease Risk in South Asians: The Time is Now
05/24/2018 | Author: Nathan D. Wong, PhD, MPH, FAHA, FACC | South Asians, deriving mainly from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal represent over 1.5 billion individuals, one-fifth of the world?s population. Multiple waves of immigration of South Asians to North America, dating back to the late 18th century
Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Heart Disease: A Very Fishy Story
05/17/2018 | Author: Lewis H. Kuller, MD, DrPH | The new American Heart Association (AHA) Science Advisory, ?Seafood long chain n-3 PUFAs and cardiovascular disease? recommends one to two seafood meals per week to reduce risk of heart failure (HF), CHD, ischemic stroke, and cardiac death, especially when seafood replaces less healthy foods. It is unclear why one to two servings were selected.
More than Food for Thought: Advancing Nutrition Education in the 21st Century
04/30/2018 | Author: Michael Miller, MD, FAHA | As a preclinical medical student in the latter part of the 20th Century, emphasis was placed on understanding the biochemical and pathologic basis of America?s most preventable cause of death: cigarette smoking. In effect, the unequivocal evidence linking cigarette smoking to the etiology and promotion of cardiovascular and other diseases
Neurointerventional Practice and Its Frontiers
04/19/2018 | Author: Daniel Cooke, MD | Eskey et al have reviewed the literature concerning diseases and conditions necessitating endovascular neurointerventional procedures with emphasis on updates since the 2009 American Heart Association paper. The authors occasionally note the quality of evidence, though the scope of the paper is a scientific statement
Atrial Fibrillation beyond All or None: The Missing Piece in Understanding AF
04/16/2018 | Authors: Elsayed Z. Soliman MD, MSc, MS, FAHA, FACC | It has been more than a century since Thomas Lewis first explained and documented the irregularly irregular pulse we now know as atrial fibrillation (AF), and we still try to grasp the various pathophysiological basis and mechanistic relationships of this complex disease.
Taking the Good With the Bad - Assigning Value and Blame to the Right Heart in C
04/12/2018 | Author: Jason N. Katz, MD, MHS | For many years the right ventricle (RV) was considered a nominal participant in the narrative of normal cardiac physiology ? its value depreciated, in particular, by several early canine experiments that intimated a marginal role for right ventricular function in systemic venous and pulmonary arterial pressure regulation.
Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Making strides, long journey ahead!
02/22/2018 | Authors: Roxana Mehran, MD, FAHA, MSCAI, FACC, FESC and Birgit Vogel, MD | Although the first case of spontaneous coronary dissection (SCAD) was documented at autopsy in 1931, most of the evidence currently available has been generated within the last five years. Despite the increasing scientific efforts on this topic, the disease is still poorly understood.